Minimally invasive spine surgery often means fewer complications, less post-surgery pain, and a shorter recovery time. The list of conditions that may be corrected with a less-invasive procedure is steadily growing.
Degenerative Disc Disease
An increasingly common minimally invasive approach is to remove the worn disc from the front through the abdomen or neck. Another option is a foraminotomy, which creates a wider opening for nerve roots.
Herniated discs may be removed with a discectomy through a small incision. If a fusion is necessary, the required hardware can be inserted through a series of small incisions about 1-2 inches in length.
Lumbar Spinal Stenosis
One less-invasive option to correct spinal stenosis of the lower back is a lumbar decompression laminectomy. It’s performed through a small incision in the middle of the lower back as the surgical table is titled to reach the affected area.
Minimally invasive scoliosis surgery, for one of the most common spinal deformities, is often an endoscopic procedure. A telescope-like instrument is used to guide the surgeon.
When spinal infections aren’t responding to medication, surgery may be performed to treat the affected area. An arthroscopic procedure uses a tiny camera to guide the surgeon to the site of the infection.
XLIF, extreme lateral interbody fusion, is a less-invasive approach to fusion surgery, which is often necessary to correct spinal instability. Other less-invasive procedures use a dilator and retractor system.
Vertebral Compression Fractures
Utilizing an inflatable balloon and special cement, a balloon kyphoplasty is one minimally invasive option to repair a vertebral compression fracture. A vertebroplasty is a similar procedure, although a balloon is not initially used.
A minimally invasive procedure may be used to remove a tumor when nerve root compression occurs. Larger tumors may require open surgery.
A minimally invasive procedure isn’t right for every patient. Factors such as overall health, underlying conditions, and the extent and location of the damage to the spine are considered. Before deciding on any type of spine surgery, take time to weigh your options and gather as much information as possible. Schedule an in-person consultation with a spine surgeon Los Angeles patients trust by calling The Spine Institute Center for Spinal Restoration at (310) 828-7757 today.